The other world
The Danann's Tuatha reigned until the arrival of the fifth and last race of invaders, the sons of Mil or Goidels (or even Gaëls), named after their legendary chief Mil Espaine. The Milesians came for two reasons: the first to avenge the death of Ith, Mil's grandfather who had come to Ireland with all his crew. The second was that the Druids had told them that Ireland was their promised land.
The land where they landed was, at that time, ruled by the three grandsons of Dagda and their wives Banba, Fotla and Eriu, all three goddesses of suzerainty. The three ruling families were debating the partition of the land when the Milesians came to the mouth of the Boyne and ordered the Dannans to hand over the island to them.
After a fatal battle to the three kings, a compromise was reached: the Milesians would rule over the visible part of the world, while the Tuatha De Danann would reign over the Otherworld, an invisible part located below the earth. The Dananns therefore had to take refuge in the bowels of the earth. They have made their homes in dolmens and burial mounds, under hills, and in glass palaces at the bottom of lakes and oceans.
All these habitats constitute the Other World, the wonderful world of happiness and peace that the Irish call the "Sidh". But the Other World is also located on the other side of the ocean where there is no pain or evil, where everything is beautiful and pure. The Sidh carries in the Gaelic tradition the names of "Tir Nan-Og" (the land of the young), "Tir na m-Beo (the land of the living)," Madg Meld "(the plain of joy)," Trir Tairngire "(the land of happiness)," Mag Mor "(the great plain)," Tirr Aill "(the other world) or finally" Tir na ù-Ban "(the land of women).
Ireland was thus left in the hands of the Milesians and their descendants, the Gaels.
If the gods can come and wander as they please in the human world, the reverse is rarely possible. Only heroes, exceptional beings, such as Cúchulainn, Conle or Bran Mac Febail have the privilege of visiting and staying in Sidh, generally at the invitation of a Bansidh. Eternal in essence, every man who enters it cannot return to the human condition. So these men who believe they spend a few hours or a few days in the company of the gods and stay there for several centuries. When they return home, they turn to dust because they are long dead. The period of Samain (New Year of the Celts, around November 1) is conducive to the opening of the Sidhes.
Sidh, the other world
The etymology of this word means “Peace” in Celtic and, by extension, “paradise”, Vindomagos gwenva in Breton.
The Germanic word Seidhr means magic and designates the science of Freyja la Vane, a science she taught to the Ases because magic is first and foremost the science of evoking dead ancestors, of their “good” spirit (which is called Mânes for a Roman ).
This shamanic art of evoking the dead was however prohibited among the Ases and Wotan only practiced it by the High Priest of the Ases. But Sidr would be the most appropriate term to translate our word “religion”, a concept that did not exist among the Germano-Scandinavians: they were “linked” by their beliefs and their rites…
Siden in Old English still meant “magic” but, it now has a derogatory meaning, because post evangelical. Belonging to the family of “sacred earthworks” (rath in English), these are the mounds of the founding ancestors.
In Lapland an altar is said seid, which is also the "sacred stone" among the Greeks and they look so much like Sidh that we can only bring them closer to the Celtic rite of the sacrifice of the firstfruits to the Gods which is done on the table of the old dolmen of our megalithic ancestors, which often has cups.
In Sardinia, the eponymous god is Sardus pater and the Sardinians say that he is descended from Sid, "a Punic deer deity honored by the hunters in Antas".
Many Hindu terms contain the same root, let us quote: Siddhapura, which is a mythical city “beyond the seas” and which is “the city of the perfect” (The Site of fire, the Pharos phrison, or the Site of the Purs ); siddhis which are “higher levels of consciousness” or “(so-called) magical powers” obtained by the practice of Yoga, and also saddhus which are wandering monks
In Celtic Mythologies, it is said that the Sidhes open up on the night of Samhain to allow everyone to communicate with the Manes of the great founding ancestors of the clan (the “Good” Halloween spirits).
In poetic language, the Sidh is compared to the “land of the fairies”: we can clearly see the parallels between Sidh, Paradise and Sunken World, that is to say the Other World, the Beyond: the Water from there , in the “language of birds” used by the troubadours:
"The Other World has nothing to do with its infernal interpretation specific to monotheism since it brings together both the World of Gods (swallowed up), that of Spirits and that of Dead Ancestors. It is difficult to say then whether this“ Other World ”is located in the bowels of the earth or above our heads."
"The Sidh is the visible part of the Other World ... They can also be located in the Islands, beyond the Ocean ... And every divinity occupies a Sidh which, by its nature, is outside time and time. space and open each Night of Samhain… "
This explains why our Bretons call them “Tertre aux Fées”. We have indeed seen that if the bodies of ancestors or dead children are buried or cremated, their spirit flies to heaven “in the sun” through the intermediary of a bird: Sacred Crane of the Frisians / Swan of the Germans of the forest / Alsatian stork or the Gallic lark Alauda. Likewise, it is this “bird” which will bring back the spirit of the genos / clan when the newborn is born. "
"The scribe who copied the tale of Cuchulainn and the fairy Fann concludes with these words: “This is the story of the destruction of Cûchulainn by the people of Sid (residence of the spirits). For the power of demons was great before Faith [christian], and it was such that the demons then fought bodily against men and revealed to them prestige and mysteries; and they were believed to be immortal. And it is these ghosts that the ignorant call Sîd (spirits) and aes sîde (gent du Sîd) ”.
Skuthi / Skythia is, among the Irish, one of the names of the Other World, which we will bring closer to the Scythia of the Greeks who was probably the archaic motherhood of these Celts “scouts” - scouts in English - who, after their “ grand trek ”, settled in the Pontic region. Let us therefore notice a probable relationship between Sidh, Scyth and Celte / (s) Kelt / Kelt ...
But the “dark” root, scâth, is found in the mythological character Scâthach “L'ombreuse” as in Scotland / Scottia, but also in Scandia / Scandinavia.
The Other World is for Latvians willow vina, literally “the other sun”, the part of the world where the sun sleeps at night, as opposed to si willow “This Sun” which is the part of the world where people live and where the sun shines. The two form “the Universe under the Sun”… the Cosmos. We will notice that this root vina se found in Vinéta, the Ys of the Germans, in the Vin-land of the Vikings and, undoubtedly also, in Vanir and Veneti; as well as the root saul “ground, Sul, the sun”, but also Saüle “pillar”.
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